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18 of the Most Famous Paintings and Artworks by Rembrandt

Rembrandt was a noteworthy painter of Dutch origin, also making a mark in the fields of etching and printmaking. He showed versatility in his works which touched upon a host of subjects like portraits, landscape, self-portraits, history, and most importantly biblical subjects and mythology in which he excelled greatly.

The chiaroscuro techniques or the usage of light and dark elevated his work to a different level. His paintings bore his signature which went through a series of changes, and finally, he signed with his name “Rembrandt.” In his later years, he underwent a lot of financial hardships and personal tragedies and breathed his last in Amsterdam in 1669.

Rembrandt van Rijn

Biography of Rembrandt in a Nutshell

Full Name Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn
Birth 15th July 1606
Nationality Dutch
Death 4th October 1669
Mentor Pieter Lastman
Inspiration Baroque movement, Dutch and Italian painters, Peter Paul Rubens
Periods Dutch Golden Age, Baroque

Famous Paintings and Artworks by Rembrandt

1. The Return of the Prodigal Son

Rembrandt Painting The Return of the Prodigal Son
Completed in: 1669
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 262 cm × 205 cm
Location: State Hermitage Museum
Medium: Painting Canvas, Oil paint

The Biblical parable of the Prodigal son has been brilliantly captured here by Rembrandt’s artistic genius. The son returns to his father, wretched and shabbily clothed, after squandering the latter’s wealth and also gets forgiveness for his deeds. Rembrandt makes perfect usage of brush strokes to depict human emotions as there is love on the father’s face, repentance in the son’s, and discontent expressed by the older son. The father has been given paternal and maternal qualities at the same time, as his left hand appears masculine while the right one possesses a soft touch. The canvas also captures a woman at the top left-hand corner which could be the mother or sister while the man to the right is said to be the son’s older brother. The person who is seated is speculated to be a tax collector because of his elegant attire. The usage of light in this painting is made according to priority as the father and son are captured in full brightness, the older son is shown in partial light while the remaining two characters remain in darkness.

2. A Woman Bathing in a Stream

A Woman Bathing in a Stream Rembrandt Women Painting
Completed in: 1654
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 62 cm x 47 cm
Location: National Gallery, London
Medium: Oil paint, Panel painting

There has been a lot of speculation regarding the women portrayed in this work of art. Some think that she may be Rembrandt’s beloved, Hendrickje Stoffels, with whom he lived until the latter’s death, while a few also indicate the presence of a mythological or biblical theme. The gorgeous red robe as shown here suggests that the lady in question could be Bathsheba, Sussana or Goddess Diana, all of whom were secretly admired by the menfolk while they were bathing.

3. Descent from the Cross

Rembrandt Descent from the Cross
Completed in: 1634
Style: Baroque
Measurements: 90 x 65 cm
Location: Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Medium: Oil on canvas

Rembrandt has incorporated scenes from the Bible and the life of Christ in many of his paintings and this is one of them, showing Jesus being brought down from the cross post-crucifixion. Rembrandt was a genius in evoking emotions into his characters, and this artwork is no exception. The weeping and mourning of the females present and the more suppressed emotions of the males have been skillfully presented. Mary is shown unconscious, perhaps fully consumed with grief, while Christ’ twisted, unsettled body attains a rounded shape, reflecting a touch of Rueben’s voluptuous figures in Rembrandt’s works.

4. The Mill

The Mill Famous Rembrandt Painting
Completed in: 1648
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 87.6 cm x 105.6 cm
Location: National Gallery of Art East Building
Medium: Oil on canvas

Regarded by 19th-century art experts to be one of Rembrandt’s remarkable paintings, it artistically presents a post-mill set against the background of a rough, stormy sky. People have different opinions regarding the central theme of this painting, with a few saying that he may have been inspired by the mill owned by his father. According to some the cloudy, overcast sky presented here may also be symbolic of the financial crisis which Rembrandt had been plagued by.

5. Landscape with the Good Samaritan

Rembrandt Landscape with the Good Samaritan
Completed in: 1638
Style: Landscape
Measurements: 46.1 cm x 65.5. cm
Location: Czartoryski Museum
Medium: Oil on oak panel

Being one of the six landscape paintings of Rembrandt on an oil canvas, this artwork captures the theme of the Good Samaritan, as narrated by Jesus in the Gospel. According to Luke or Gospel of Luke, a samaritan helps a traveler attacked by a gang of robbers. By presenting the Biblical event against a landscape background, he tries to reveal that the changes in the natural world have a great impact on human life. While the stormy and dark sky stands for evil, the rays of the sun and brightness signify goodness and positivity.

6. The Raising of Lazarus

 

The Raising of Lazarus Rembrandt

Completed in: 1632
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 87.6 cm x 105.6 cm
Location: Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Medium: Oil paint, panel painting

Painted at the beginning of his career, this one is the few subjects of the New Testament captured by Rembrandt in his canvas. The chiaroscuro technique of painting, signifying the contrast of darkness and light has been implemented here to show Lazarus’ awakening from death. The burial cave and Lazarus remains in the darker part while the figures to the left have obtained more light.

7. The Night Watch

Rembrandt Night Watch
Completed in: 1642
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 363 cm × 437 cm
Location: Amsterdam Museum (previously); Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (presently)
Medium: Oil on canvas

It was commissioned by Frans Banning Cocq (represented in the painting in a black dress with a red sash), the mayor of Amsterdam to portray his shooting company on canvas. Though the canvas has 36 characters, only 16 of them were members of the militia in actuality, each of whom paid a decent amount to be featured. The use of the technique of tenebrism, contrasting light and darkness make the characters look more lifelike. Besides the major, two other important figures seen in light are Willem van Ruytenburch (clad in yellow with white sash) and a woman standing behind (mascot) with a dead chicken in hand.

 8. Bathsheba at Her Bath

Bathsheba at Her Bath Rembrandt Painting
Completed in: 1654
Style: Christian art
Measurements: 142 cm × 142 cm
Location: The Louvre, Paris
Medium: Oil on canvas

Rembrandt’s depiction of this story of the Old Testament, a subject touched upon by many, stands out because of the vibrant use of colors, and erotic presentation. This scene shows Bathsheba at the bath, holding the message from David who had secretly seen her and is charmed by her beauty. Hendrickje Stoffels once again poses as the model and the deformity observed in her left breasts by many medical experts make them conclude that she perhaps had breast cancer, lactation mastitis or abscess because of tuberculosis. The look of desolation on her face was speculated to be due to her illness or pregnancy.

9. The Storm on the Sea of Galilee

Rembrandt The Storm On the Sea of Galilee
Completed in: 1633
Style: Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 160 cm x 128 cm
Location: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (until 1990 when it was stolen)
Medium: Oil paint

The only seascape painting of Rembrandt, having a Biblical story as its theme where Jesus miraculously manages to save himself and his disciples from a furious storm when they were traveling by boat on the Sea of Galilee. The chiaroscuro style or the contrast between bright and darkness subtly divides the painting into two halves. To the left, we find the elements of turbulence portrayed like the mad waves, boat tossing in the air, the people in distress and so on. The yellow light amidst all confusion stands for a ray of hope. The right side, on the other hand, is dark and obscure. After being stolen, it was not revived, and the empty frames r museum that once housed it.

10. Danaë

Rembrandt Danaë
Completed in: 1636
Style: History painting
Measurements: 185 cm x 203 cm
Location: Hermitage Museum
Medium: Oil paint

Rembrandt depicts the mythological character Danaë sensuously portraying her with one hand raised, perhaps welcoming Zeus who was responsible for impregnating her. Initially Saskia, his wife posed as the model, but the face was later replaced with that of Geertje Dircx, his mistress. This magnificent work was subjected to vandalism in 1985 by an insane man though eventually restored.

11. Susanna and the Elders

Susanna And the Elders Rembrandt
Completed in: 1647
Style: Baroque
Measurements: 76.6 cm × 92.8 cm
Location: Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Medium: Oil on panel

Another artwork based on a Biblical theme, it depicts the tale of Susanna, mentioned in the Book of Daniel, accused by two elders who spied upon her seductively as she was bathing in her garden. The scene portrayed here is that where the lady is being harassed by the elders, though Rembrandt seems to portray her differently, as Susanna is in no way distressed, but has a curious look as if seeking permission about something.

12. The Jewish Bride

Rembrandt The Jewish Bride
Completed in: 1665
Style: History painting
Measurements: 122 cm x 166 cm
Location: Rijksmuseum
Medium: Oil paint

The painting attained its present name in the 19th century when an art collector of Amsterdam interpreted a father-daughter relation between the characters, where the latter was gifting a necklace to the former on the occasion of her wedding. However, this notion has not been accepted, and the subject matter remains ambiguous with various speculations made. The use of bright colors against a dark background has been implemented brilliantly.

13. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp Painting By Rembrandt
Completed in: 1632
Style: History painting
Measurements: 122 cm x 166 cm
Location: Rijksmuseum
Medium: Oil on canvas

An anatomical portrait of Rembrandt for which he was commissioned, it depicts Dr. Nicolaes Tulp explaining anatomy lessons to a group of medical professionals. A full-length corpse dominating the center of the canvas is said to be that of Aris Kindt, a criminal, hanged to death on the charges of robbery. The corpse’ face is shaded partially, and his navel bears the letter “R,” which highlights Rembrandt’s creativity in using his signatures. The presentation is so realistic that it seems as if a story has been told on canvas.

14. Lucretia

Lucretia Painting of Rembrandt
Completed in: 1664
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements: 110.2 cm × 92.3 cm
Location: Minneapolis Institute of Art
Medium: Painting Canvas, Oil paint

A popular history painting, Rembrandt presents Lucretia, the ancient noblewoman of Rome who was raped and then committed suicide. In his painting, Rembrandt significantly portrayed the anguish and agony of Lucretia before she ends her life. He has brilliantly captured and put forth the dilemma in a woman’s mind when she is compelled to choose between dignity and her life. He has even painted a sequel after two years depicting Lucretia stabbing herself.

15. The Three Trees

Rembrandt Etching Three Trees
Completed in: 1643
Style: Baroque
Measurements:
Location: Towner Gallery
Medium: Etching

Using the medium of etching and drypoint, Rembrandt with his artistic brilliance creates this landscape print. The trees here are looked upon as a unified part of nature in the face of which everything else like the cowherds, a fisherman, and his wife, as well as a couple dressed elegantly, engaged in affection, appears insignificant.

16. Christ Preaching

Christ Preaching Rembrandt Artwork
Completed in: 1652
Style: Baroque
Measurements:  15.4 cm x 20.6 cm
Location: Rijksmuseum
Medium: Etching

This does not focus upon any particular event, but Christ featured in the center of the frame plays the part of a healer and preacher. The brilliant use of light and shadows adds to the mystical element.

17. The Man with the Golden Helmet

Rembrandt Van Rijn Man With a Golden Helmet
Completed in: 1650
Style: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Measurements:  68 cm x 51 cm
Location: Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Medium: Oil on canvas

An elderly man wearing a golden helmet has been projected in this painting, though experts have revealed that this work lacked the Rembrandt touch but created by one of his students.

18. Aristotle with a Bust of Homer

Aristotle with a Bust of Homer RembrandtCompleted in: 1653Style: BaroqueMeasurements:  143.5 cm x 136.5 cmLocation: Metropolitan Museum of ArtMedium: Oil on canvas

The great philosopher Aristotle, clad in a jeweled belt gifted to him by Alexander the Great, is seen resting his hand upon the bust of the great Homer. Rembrandt again plays with dark and light as the bust of Homer and the hand of Aristotle touching it is brighter than the left hand which holds the golden chain. He perhaps tries to signify that artistic brilliance overpowers worldly fame.

Apart from the ones mentioned above, other of Rembrandt’s popular works include the Three Crosses (in drypoint medium depicting Christ’s crucifixion along with two thieves), Five Senses (series of five oil paintings representing the five senses), self-portraits by Rembrandt (comprising one hundred self-portraits), and the Blinding of Samson.

By|Last Updated : 14th September 2018

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